Ancient History

-350
The date of the construction of the Mausoleum at Helicarnassus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Correctly identified by Neelix in VOY “11:59”.

Μέγας Aλέξανδρος, Alexander the Great

5 Hekatombaion, 1st year of the 106th Olympiad to 28 Thargelion, 1st year of the 114th Olympiad; Saturday 15th July, -355 to Sunday 5th June, -322
Flint claims to have been Alexander in TOS “Requiem for Methuselah”. It’s something of a problem, since as I point out in Flint: Immortal Genius, or Completely Barking Mad?, Alexander’s remains were of immense political importance. After a lot of jockeying, the body was “temporarily” taken to Egypt by the Macedonian general Ptolemy. Once there, Alexander was embalmed by Egyptian experts and publicly displayed in a lavish tomb in the middle of Alexandria. It is a matter of record that it was there for centuries, although that area of Alexandria subsided and is now underwater. The present location of the body is unknown, although it probably hasn’t survived at all.

Captain Kirk compares the “supermen” to Alexander in TOS “Space Seed”. Spock names him as a tyrant in TOS “Patterns of Force”. Garth declares himself Alexander’s equal in TOS “Whom Gods Destroy”.
Comment: Off-topic, but interestingly, William Shatner starred as Alexander in a failed TV pilot shortly before working on “Star Trek”.

Approximately -300 to around 1000
Polynesians explore and settle the islands of the Pacific Ocean.

Approximately -290
The Colossus of Rhodes, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Neelix gets it as the answer to a question in VOY “11:59”.

Approximately -280
The Lighthouse of Alexandria is constructed, the last of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Neelix answers a question about this in VOY “11:59”.

-225
The Colossus of Rhodes collapses in an earthquake. That ended a period of about half a century when it would have been possible for a traveller to make a trip to see all seven of the wonders of the ancient world. Today, the only one of the seven still standing is the Great Pyramid (as I mentioned earlier, at the entry for the pyramid).

秦始皇, Qin Shi Huang
-260 to -209
The first emperor of unified China, he’s often credited with building the Great Wall of China, but in fact he simply joined and extended some defences that were already there. In some places, work on the wall had begun as long ago as the -5th century. The wall we see today is of a much later construction, and is flagged at the relevant point in this timeline. Perhaps his most lasting achievement is his enormous tomb, guarded by an entire army made out of terracotta. The Great Wall and the emperor feature in a trivia quiz at the start of VOY “11:59”.

Hannibal
-246 to Approximately -182
Trelane claims to have replicas of battle flags used by Hannibal in TOS “The Squire of Gothos”.

Approximately -200
The Greek states begin to fall under the influence of Rome. The Platonians claim to have left Earth as the Greek civilization waned. This would probably be sometime between the Second Punic War in -217 to -206 and the Battle of Actium in -30. This certainly fits roughly with the 2,500 years given in TOS “Plato’s Stepchildren”, although it’s not really clear whether Parmen and Philana ever saw Earth, or were alive when the Platonians first arrived on Platonius. Alexander certainly seems to recollect it all first-hand. My guess is that the 2,500 years is a slight exaggeration and that the Platonians left Earth shortly after the birth of Philana. There don’t seem to have been any births since their arrival on Platonius, since there are only 38 of them and Doctor McCoy is specifically identified as the first new member.
Comment: How the Platonians fit in with the “Greek Gods” in TOS “Who Mourns for Adonais?” is anyone’s guess.

Marcus Tullius Cicero
dies Lunæ, ante diem III nonas Ianuarius DCXLVIII to dies Veneris, ante diem VII idus December DCCXI A.U.C.; Monday 31st December, -106 to Friday 5th December, -42
He coined the phrase “inter arma enim silent leges” (usually translated as “in time of war, the law falls silent”) the source of the title of DS9 “Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges”.

Julius Caesar
Iunius, DCLIV to dies Mercurii, idus Martius DCCX A.U.C.; June, -99 to Wednesday 13th March, -43
The Dictator of Rome and founder of the Julian Dynasty, he’s mentioned in TOS “What Are Little Girls Made Of?” Spock lists Caesar as a tyrant at the end of TOS “Patterns of Force”. Garth includes him in a list of great men in TOS “Whom Gods Destroy”.

Gaius Valerius Catullus

Approximately -83 to around -53
He’s reputed to have died of exhaustion at the age of thirty. DS9 “The Muse” ascribes his early death to the attentions of Onaya the energy being.

dies Solis, ante diem VI kalendas September DCXCIX A.U.C.; Sunday 25th August, -54
The traditional date for the landing of Julius Caesar in Britain.

Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ, Cleopatra VII Philopator
Year 13 Ptolemy to 17th Mesore, Year 22 Cleopatra ; -68 to Tuesday 10th August, -29
Lenore Karidian seems to compare herself to Cleopatra in TOS “The Conscience of the King”.

-42

Parmen, future leader of the Platonians is born, 128 years before he marries Philana, according to TOS “Plato’s Stepchildren”. As you will see from the next entry, this date hinges on how carefully Philana is giving her age, and might be out considerably. Since it’s the only information I have, I’ve gone with it.

-31

2,300 years before TOS “Plato’s Stepchildren”, Philana of Platonius is born. I set the story in 2269, and I’ve assumed that Philana is being absolutely accurate about her age. That may be an incorrect assumption.

Titus Livius
Approximately -58 to around 17
Icheb quotes from Livy’s History of Rome in VOY “Human Error”.

Augustus
dies Mercurii ante diem IX kalendas October, DCXCI to dies Iovis, ante diem XVII kalendas September DCCLXVII A.U.C.; Wednesday 21st September, -62 to Sunday 17th August, 14
The first emperor of Rome. On planet 892-IV, an almost completely parallel Roman Empire survives for over 2,000 years, TOS “Bread and Circuses”. The reference to 2,000 years is repeated both with reference as to how long the Empire has been managing slaves, and to founding of the Brotherhood of the Sun. On balance, the Empire on 892-IV seems to be exactly contemporaneous with the Roman Empire on Earth, at least to start with. Technological development must have been slower under Roman rule, since they’re about 300 years behind Earth by 2267.
Comment: My musings about “Romulans” and why “Vulcan” is named for a Roman god have led me to speculate that this planet was inhabited by Romans from Earth who’d settled on the planet Vulcan and were transplanted following the departure of the Romulans and the decision by Vulcans to pursue a more logical way of life. The evidence for any of that is extremely slender, to say the least.


From the Beginning
The 1st to 17th Centuries

by StrauchiusStrauchius on 05 Dec 2010 20:31, last updated on 14 Jun 2017 07:49